OTHERS

What is Materialism

A fixation with or strain upon material relatively to intellectual or spiritual things. Basically, this theory is far more than a straightforward focus on material assets. It means that everything in the universe is made of matter, exclusive of any true spiritual or intellectual existence. Materialism can also pass on a judgment that material success and progress have the highest values in life than anything else. Contrasting to the trendy definition of materialism “concerned just on the subject of material things”. The philosophy of materialism is an argument about the nature of reality.  Materialism is the belief that everything is made of matter and energy, with no “immaterial” things like souls, spirits, or supernatural goods. In addition, materialists do not believe in “metaphysical transcendence,”

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Materialism is also a vital part of secular humanism, an association that discards traditional religion in support of living an ethical life based on reason and sympathy rather than respect to any God or holy book.  Secular humanists believe in science and the betterment of human life and try to depict the best those human ideas have formed. Individuals who grasp this faith notice the world as a vast gadget held together by part of matter carrying out the inability to naturalistic laws. Since materialism rejects all concepts of Special Creation, it relies on the Theory of Evolution to explain itself, making beliefs in materialism and evolution interdependent. Materialism belongs to the class of monist ontology. As such, it is different from ontological theories based on dualism or pluralism. For singular explanations of the phenomenal reality, materialism would be in contrast to idealism, neutral monism, and spiritualism. Materialism is often associated with reductionism, according to which the objects or phenomena individuated at one level of description, if they are genuine, must be explicable in terms of the objects or phenomena at some other level of description—typically, at a more reduced level. Non-reductive materialism explicitly rejects this notion, however, taking the material constitution of all particulars to be consistent with the existence of real objects, properties or phenomena not explicable in the terms canonically used for the basic material constituents. Materialism typically contrasts with dualism, phenomenalism, idealism, vitalism and dual-aspect monism. So basically the materialist conception of history starts from the proposition that the production of the means to support human life and, next to production, the exchange of things produced, is the basis of all social structure; that in every society that has appeared in history, the manner in which wealth is distributed and society divided into classes or orders is dependent upon what is produced, how it is produced, and how the products are exchanged.

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Sidra Ghafoor

Sidra Ghafoor, University Of Central Punjab, Lahore, Pakistan

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